for another point of view regarding this Ukase, see Chapter
6 of "The Tzemach Tzedek and the Haskalah Movement".]
remarkable Ukase has been lately issued by the Emperor of Russia,
respecting the establishment of schools for the education of Jews in his
dominions, which may be expected to prove very beneficial to the
Israelites who reside in the Russian Empire.
“Orient” of December 17, gives the Ukase at full length; the
following are the principal regulations which it decrees:—
- Independent of the permission which the Jews
have enjoyed hitherto, of attending the general educational
institutions of the country, separate schools are to be established
for the education of the Jewish youth:
- Elementary schools, or schools of the first
class, the instruction given in which is to correspond with that
given in Christian elementary schools; and higher schools, or
schools of the second class, to correspond with the district
schools, being, peculiarly Polytechnic schools.
- Schools for the education of Rabbies, in which
the secular instruction imparted is to correspond with that given in
- That in their arrangement, respect is to be
had to Jewish customs and religion.
- That religious instruction is to be given by
Jewish teachers; but as regards the other branches of instruction,
any properly qualified teachers, whether Jews or Christians, may be
- That Christian teachers, employed in these
Jewish schools, shall enjoy the same rights and privileges, as
teachers in the corresponding German schools.
- That teachers and superintendents of these
schools shall be exempted from military service.
- That the privileges granted by the laws to
other schools, shall also be enjoyed by these Jewish Government
- Those who attend these schools shall have the
same privileges as are now guaranteed by the laws to such Jews as
attend Christian schools.
- Should any of those Jews who shall attend the
schools be taken for soldiers, their time of military service is
shortened, according to the class to which the school they attended
belonged. And those who have completed a whole course of study with
credit to themselves, and distinguished themselves in the study of
the Russian language and literature, are wholly exempted from
provisions of this Ukase do not appear to extend at present to the
Kingdom of Poland, but it is to be hoped that the great number of Jews
in that country may not long remain without the benefits of some
organized system of education.
Jewish population of that part of the Russian dominions comprised in the
Kingdom of Poland, (exclusive of the vast provinces which formerly
belonged to Poland, and contain a much greater number of Jews,) has
increased 143,349 since 1829, and amounts to 524,491.—Jewish